Since the devolution of Kenya's governance into counties, much has changed. The provincial administration was re-aligned into county blocks, which each county administered by a Governor.
The powers of counties are provided in the 2010 Constitution, Article 191, 192, and the fourth schedule of Kenya's Constitution and the County Governments Act, 2012.
What is unique about each of the counties in Kenya's coast?
The Capital City of Mombasa County is Mombasa. The County Governor is the flamboyant and ever hardworking H.E. Ali Hassan Joho, deputized by William Kingi. Its sub-counties include Changamwe, Mvita, Jomvu, Nyali, and Likoni.
Mombasa is the 2nd largest city in Kenya. It is the capital and only city in Mombasa. Its rich historical sites, beaches, and hotel resorts make Mombasa a favorite tourist destination.
It is governed by H.E. Salim Mvurya, who is deputized by Fatuma Achani. With an area of 8,270 sq. Km, Kwale has a population of 866, 820 people (2019 census). As an inland county, the largest town in Kwale County in Ukunda.
Kwale's sub-counties are Msambweni. Lunga Lunga, Kinango, and Matuga. Key attractions in the county include Diani beach, Shimba Hills National Reserve, and Mwalunganje Elephant Sanctuary.
Kilifi County has a population of nearly 1.5 million people. Located in coastal Kenya.
Tana River, Kilifi is governed by H.E. Hassan Jeffa Kingi. Covering an area of 12, 246 sq. Km, Kilifi was formed after a merger between Malindi and Kilifi Districts.
The sub-counties in Kilifi are Malindi, Ganze, Magarini, Kaloleni, and Rabai. Malindi is the most important town in Kilifi County. Its proximity to the Indian Ocean makes it a suitable tourist attraction. There are numerous beaches in Watamu, Kikambala, Malindi, and Kilifi. Historical sites include the Mnarani Ruins.
This is home of River Tana, as it snakes its way to the Indian Ocean. The county is synonymous with floods when the Tana River breaks its banks and affects thousands of people, who are displaced and need humanitarian support.
The county main town in Tana River county is called Hola, and has a total population of about 316,000 people spread on a land size of 35, 375 sq. Km. H.E. Godhana Dhadho Gaddae is the County Governor, administrating over Bura, Galole, and Garshen.
Tana River, the longest river in Kenya.
The county has huge challenges in regard to tribal conflicts, flooding, droughts, and drought, despite the rich resources at its disposal.
H.E Issa Abdalla Issa Timamy is the Governor of Lu County, which comprises of two sub-counties, Lamu West and East. As a county, Lamu has a total population of 143, 920 people over a total area of around, 6,500 sq. Km.
Lamu is occupied predominantly by Swahilis, Arabs, Ormas, Boni and other tribes which are migrants to the island. Part of Lamu is considered a UNESCO World Heritage site. Some of the historic sites in Lamu include Lamu Old Town, Lamu Fort, Lamu Museum, Pate Island, Takwa Ruins, and Siyu Fort.
The Governor for Taita Taveta, Granton Samboja administers over Voi, Wundanyi, Taveta, and Mwatate. With a population of 340,670 living on 17,089 sq. Km, most of the people in Taita practice small scale farming in the higher lands, which receives considerable rainfall. Most low lands are used for ranching, wildlife tourism, and conservation.
This is the county of some of the most beautiful and elegant women in Kenya. The Taita people (Wadawida), a dominant Bantu tribe settled in Taita Hills. The Taita language is as beautiful and expressive as the people themselves.
There is constant human/ wildlife conflict in the county. The increasing population of people has led to encroachment into land conserved for wildlife. Taita Wildlife Conservancy, Tsavo National Park takes up almost 70% of land under the county government.
Other than the areas preserved for wildlife, the government has put up restrictive measures on indigenous forests on 48 hilltops in the county. They form part of the Eastern Arc Range of Forests